• What will play areas of the future look like

    8/11/2016 8:29 AM1

    When I was a child I would run to the play area, desperate to fly down the slide backwards and head first, or jump off the swing at the full extent of its arc to see if I could still land standing up. The seesaw was another favourite, my brother and I would bounce up on the seat so hard that the other rocketed into the air, we would see how high we could make each other go, and stopped when our bottoms hurt from hitting the seat so much. But how long ago was this, how much have play areas changed and what is in store for the future?

    amy slide.jpg

    Safety and play in the future

    I’m 38 now with my own children, two girls. Since I was a child, the biggest change I have seen is safety. Play areas now have to conform to a wide range of regulations that primarily aim to make them safer for our children. In some cases though, it could be argued that the focus on safety limits the risk so much that it defeats its play value. We need to ask ourselves whether this always the best policy? As a child I relished risk and I learnt from it. At what point does removing all of the risk prevent our children from learning important lessons about managing their own risk levels themselves?
    Outside of the play areas we might appear to be open to more risk than ever, through exciting ‘adrenaline’ activities such as bungee jumping. Yet its controlled risk. For us it is out of our comfort zone, it triggers the adrenaline. But crucially, the safety and risk management is taken care of not by ourselves but by trained experts. Is this good practise? Or is risk management something that needs to be learnt, not avoided completely and taken out of our control? I love to ride my mountain bike. It is what I enjoy and I’m in control of it. Some days I will go for that jump and other days I won’t, but I learn from the falls, sometimes more than others! 

    How can we bring elements of the risk back to be learnt from, yet keep our children safe? We can’t always stop them hurting themselves, but I believe risk is a key life skill to understand, and something that is slowly making a reappearance in play areas.

    How will Technology affect our play areas?

    I think that we are on the brink of major changes in play area design. Technology is changing our lives dramatically and play areas are just starting to take advantage of the new possibilities.

    Driverless cars could have a huge impact on play provision. Many are predicting huge changes to our neighbourhoods. http://www.archdaily.com/780512/how-driverless-cars-could-should-and-shouldnt-reshape-our-cities.
    Perhaps we won’t all have our own cars in the future? We might call them like we do a taxi, making way for streets that are no longer filled with parked cars but open spaces and opportunities for play. How amazing would it be to reduce the number cars on urban streets and bring back areas to walk and cycle in safety?

    I would love to see playful streets where there isn’t a single specific ‘play area’ but bits of play are scattered all over that surprise you. It could be playful lighting that interacts with you as you move your feet, or paving slabs that sound different notes? 

    You might need to get several people together to produce a particular tune that might be sent via an app on your phone, encouraging people to play together and collaborate with one another. Or maybe it’s just a set of swings that are for everyone, adults and children alike to just sit and relax. Because let’s face it we should all use play to relax in our busy worlds. 

    There’s no doubt the mobile phone or portable handheld device has created monumental changes to the way we live. Data and communication offer huge benefits, from being able to connect constantly, to accessible data at your finger-tips 24 hours a day. I see some amazing possibilities with this technology and the play scape. What if children could interact with the play-space like the board to a board game?
    Recently a boy’s father up-loaded a video of his child on a play area having adapted the background to make him look like he was actually on a boat on the rough seas. 

    Or traversing monkey bars across shark infested waters.


    Imagine if it was possible for the children to see, while they were actually playing? A complete immersive experience that could be changed and updated so it wouldn’t always be the same experience, something new to bring them back again and again.

    Why are we so afraid to let our children go to the park on their own? I look back at my own childhood and remember being allowed to go to the play area with my brother on our own, a thought I find terrifying now as a parent. Yet what has changed between my childhood and my children’s. That time without our parents watching us was when we had some of the best adventures and learnt to look after each other. Yet now we as parents are too afraid to let our children have the same pleasures, partly from worry of what might happen but also from the fear of society’s view, that we are neglecting our children by letting them go on their own. How can we bring this back and still feel we are keeping our children safe? There is already the technology on our phones to monitor a person’s location. Is  CCTV the answer? We would be able to keep an eye on them from afar, but does that bring its own worries of who else could be watching them too?

    What if that equipment was as much fun for adults and carers as it was for the child? Disney has shown how powerful this can be by making films as fun for adults as the children. To make truly amazing play areas I think they need to be fun for all. ‘All’ meaning everyone, whatever age. We are all young at heart and love to play, I like the excuse of going to the play area because I have children, but wouldn’t it be better to go to the play area because everyone wants to? In a time when we are so much more aware of our mental and physical wellbeing, play fulfils the need for exercise and mental relaxation.

    The lighting industry is another area that has had huge technological advances yet we still need to adopt it in play. There are so many possibilities from lighting games, to beautiful sculptures like these where you use your phone to create lighting patterns. http://www.peterfreeman.co.uk/shildon.htm  http://www.peterfreeman.co.uk/pulse.htm. Another area that really excites me is projected imagery onto surfaces to create play environments. Not only can you use fixed imagery but also imagery that changes and interacts with your movement.

    It is an exciting time to be a play designer, the emergence of technology and new materials is happening so fast that new opportunities for designs occur constantly. What I would love to see most though, is design for all. When it comes to play as we seem to think of play as something for a child, yet we can all benefit from play in some form or another.


    ‘We don’t stop playing because we grow old, we grow old because we stop playing’ 
    George Bernard Shaw

    Author: Amy Charman

    Play Architect

  • A landscape for play

    7/27/2016 7:30 AM0

    When a designer is assigned to plan a playground, what do they consider first? Quite honestly: the money and the space available. In the worst case, the design process little else than fitting the playground equipment in place and calculating the costs. But is this good enough? No, nowhere near, but sadly this is how playground designers often tend to work.

    When the yard of a residential building is being renovated, you often hear from the residents that nowadays only a few children living in the building. It is sometimes even suggested that the playground be replaced by a car park, although before making changes of that scale, the town plan should always be checked. A leafy, well-tended playground may be an asset when selling your flat, while an untidy yard with worn-out equipment may put off potential buyers. A good idea would be for neighbouring housing companies to join forces and build a shared playground rather than several smaller separate play areas for each housing company.

    In any case, there is no escaping the spatial and budgetary limitations. Where there is little space, much of which must also be accessible to rescue and service vehicles, an ideal solution might be a hard-surfacing material that would be suitable for children’s outdoor games while being durable and wide enough for heavy fire engines. Winter maintenance creates other problems. Garden furniture can be easily removed to clear the way for snow ploughs, but playground equipment is firmly fixed to the ground. 

    Park in Stockholm, Sweden, has been designed to adapt to the shape of the terrain.

    Children love nature and the adventures it offers. If a playground can be situated near a rock, a body of water or next to a forest, this will open up a whole world of possibilities. Even a single large tree may connect a playground to the surroundings, provide shelter and shade and make the location special. Children love old fallen trees and a varied terrain offering hiding places, let alone water games. Adults may not always agree, as they have the wet shoes and muddy clothes to deal with afterwards, and children could hurt themselves falling down from a tree trunk. Hiding places are not ideal at a kindergarten playground as it makes supervising the children difficult. Building dens is forbidden in public areas, because if something did happen, nobody would want to take the responsibility. The downside of this is that children are not provided enough opportunities to modify and change their environment, with the result that the possibilities afforded by an environment are far too quickly exhausted and it becomes boring.

    Children are natural explorers. Toddlers love feeling different surfaces and textures, and overcoming the challenge posed by a simple kerbstone, and all the potholes, dents and stairs along the way must be carefully investigated. A two-year-old cannot yet play with others, but a five-year-old will make friends with anyone. When designing a playground, it is important to take into consideration how many children will be using it and what their ages will be: a schoolyard for kids in their early teens can’t be designed for small children. Children in general are getting less exercise these days than previously, and schoolyards play an important role in encouraging children to be active. We also know that physical activity during break times improves children’s ability to concentrate and learn.
    Pieni leikkipaikka malmo_lowres.jpg
    Small playground in Malmö, Sweden, blends into the surroundings emphasizing the marine atmosphere of the area.

    Safety is key, but it cannot be the only factor when designing playgrounds. There is a town in Finland where planting berry bushes in kindergarten yards is prohibited, for reasons of health and safety. The belief is that, if children learn to eat berries straight from the bush at day care, they may think that all berries are safe to eat and may die from poisoning. Are these people serious? Playgrounds with steel fences separating different functions for ease of maintenance and supervision, as they cannot be climbed on, are in my opinion simply oppressive. Is there really no other way except a steel fence to separate the swings from other activities? How about placing the swings on a raised level, or building a balance beam as a space divider – and yes, with the purpose that it is walked and balanced on, naturally taking into account the necessary safety distance. Climbing and balancing is good for kids. 

    The best playground is one that effortlessly incorporates itself into the surrounding landscape and plants and that is naturally attractive to children. Since small children in a playground need to be accompanied by an adult, the playground must be attractive for adults as well. If the designer succeeds in evoking and making use of the natural spirit of the place and sees that children enjoy the opportunities offered by the site, she can congratulate herself for a job well done.

    Eeva Blomberg.kasvot.kuva Lotta Blomberg_lowres.jpg

    Original text and photos: Eeva Blomberg

    Eeva Blomberg is a landscape designer, contract administrator and the president of Maisemasuunnittelijat ry, a Finnish association for landscape designers. She is also in the board and in the education team of The Finnish Association of Landscape Industries, Viherympäristöliitto ry VYL, and writes columns to a Finnish landscape industry magazine called Viherympäristö. Eeva is a designer horticulturist and a garden teacher. Her company Pihasuunnittelu Eeva Blomberg was established in 1998.

    email: eeva.blomberg@pihasuunnittelu.net

    Photo: Lotta Blomberg.





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